About This Book

This textbook was created through Connecting the Pipeline: Libraries, OER, and Dual Enrollment from Secondary to Postsecondary, a $1.3 million project funded by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network and the Institute of Library and Museum Services. This project supports the extension of access to high-quality post-secondary opportunities to high school students across Louisiana and beyond by creating materials that can be adopted for dual enrollment environments. Dual enrollment is the opportunity for a student to be enrolled in high school and college at the same time.

The cohort-developed OER course materials are released under a license that permits their free use, reuse, modification, and sharing with others. This includes a corresponding course available in Moodle and Canvas that can be imported to other platforms. For access/questions, contact Affordable Learning Louisiana.

If you are adopting this textbook, we would be glad to know of your use via this brief survey.

Cover Image

The cover image is “Head anatomy and vasular imaging” by  and licensed under a Creative Common Attribution 2.0 Generic license (CC BY 2.0 DEED).

Adaptation Statement

This textbook has been adapted from the Douglas College Human Anatomy & Physiology I (2nd ed.) OER textbook developed by biology faculty at Douglas College, which was in turn adapted from the OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology textbook by Betts et al. Changes were made to the Douglas College textbook to better suit the needs of our specific learners. The references from the original OpenStax textbook were also added to the back matter in this textbook. No additional references were added through the adaptation process. In addition to minor content edits, the changes to the original textbook include the following:

  • The “Body Structure” and “Homeostasis” chapters were moved to the beginning of the “Levels of Organization” section, and the “Nervous Regulation and Integration” section (with corresponding chapters) was placed after the “Support and Movement” section (with corresponding chapters).
  • Guiding questions originally listed at the beginning of each chapter were divided and distributed throughout each chapter at the end of each chapter section.
  • Videos were embedded along with corresponding QR and URL codes for each video.
  • Interactive H5P elements were added in a “Practice” section at the end of each chapter.
  • Extensive image descriptions were added at the end of each chapter for images that required alt text longer than 125 characters.
  • Tables originally displayed as images were either reproduced as a text-based table or removed because they were deemed extensive and unnecessary.
  • Canadian spellings were changed to the U.S. version of the words.

Despite these changes, we thank the original authors for all of their work.

About the Authors

Jonathan Akin


Jonathan Akin has taught undergraduate biology courses at Northwestern State University of Louisiana in Natchitoches since 2000. He earned his Ph.D. in Evolutionary and Environmental Biology from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in 1998. His research interests center on animal behavior, physiology, ecology, and developmental biology. His teaching areas include human anatomy and physiology, comparative vertebrate anatomy, vertebrate physiology, biostatistics, histology, animal behavior, and embryology.

Scott Crousillac

Dr. Scott Crousillac received his undergraduate degree in Liberal Arts from the Louisiana Scholars’ College in 2000. He received his Ph.D. in Biological Sciences from Louisiana State University in 2007, where he has taught undergraduate courses in Introductory Biology, Cell Biology, Vertebrate Physiology, and Human Physiology. Dr. Crousillac currently resides in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and enjoys painting, building furniture, and cooking in his free time.

Sharon Lagarde

Sharon Lagarde has been teaching since 1973 and at the college level since 1988. She has a Masters in Science teaching and additional graduate classes. She loves teaching.

Ayda Basgul Martin, MD

Ayda Basgul Martin is a retired medical doctor and consultant specialist for anesthesiology and reanimation from Istanbul, Turkey, and currently teaches at South Louisiana Community College, Lafayette/LA, as an associate professor since 2015. Human Anatomy and Physiology are her favorite subjects to teach, but she also teaches medical terminology, microbiology, and various biology courses on occasion. She likes traveling, photography, and walking.

Priscilla Stewart

Priscilla Stewart is a Registered Nurse possessing a Doctorate Degree in the Nursing field of study. Priscilla is a Nursing Instructor for Louisiana’s Community & Technical Colleges. Priscilla Stewart is a proud graduate of Capella University.

Works Cited

Betts, J. G., et al. (2013.) Anatomy and Physiology. OpenStax.

Douglas College Biology Department. (8 August 2019.) Douglas College Human Anatomy & Physiology I (2nd ed.). Douglas College.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Human Anatomy and Physiology I Copyright © 2024 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book