Adaptation Statement and Transition Guide

This book is an adaptation of two editions of the text American Government. First, the Pressbooks version of American Government 2e was utilized to provide the basic Pressbooks structure as well as H5P components. The text and images within 2e were updated to the American Government 3e version manually. As a result, this text reflects the most recent 3e updates while keeping the H5P and overall formatting from the 2e version.

We have included a revised Transition Guide (from the 3e version) to reflect changes the editors have made to the text. Our changes appear in blue text within the table.

To view the full American Government 3e Transition Guide, please visit:


Section 1.2
  • Updated statistics regarding makeup of Congress and the general population.
  • Added example of COVID-19 masks/social distancing to illustrate tradeoffs
Section 1.3
  • Updated graphic on political affiliation
  • Updated discussion on ideology to reflect 2020 election
Section 2.1
  • Added Frederick Douglass address at Corinthian Hall concerning the Declaration of Independence
Section 2.2
  • Added section “Influence of Native American Governments” to highlight the contributions Indigenous groups made to the formation of American government. Discuss the Iroquois Confederacy.
Section 2.5
  • Added feature box on Suffragist and Poet Charlotte Forten Grimké
Section 3.1
  • Updated figures 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, and 3.7 to reflect more current data on government revenue sources, spending, and so on.
  • Updated status of examples such as the ERA and marijuana legalization.
  • Added information on government spending for COVID-19 to exemplify spending decisions and outcomes

Section 3.3


  • Added example of the founding of Iowa State University to illustrate types of grants and expanded on land grant example to include HBCUs.
Section 3.5
  • Added information on recent election and related voting laws.
Chapter 4 Intro
  • Replaced introduction with discussion of Black Lives Matter and COVID-19 in relation to civil liberties.
Section 4.1
  • Minor additions to provide more recent and diverse examples of civil rights and civil liberties issues or actions. These include 2017 family separation at the border, 1919 Abrams case regarding free speech, etc.
Section 4.2


  • Clarified and expanded discussion and examples of organizations/religions related to RFRA laws.
  • Added example of Bergen County, NJ, to discussion of blue laws.
  • Added context of anthem protests to discussion of flag burning to provide a potentially more familiar example and provide a discussion starting point.
  • Added context of no-knock warrants to discussion of 4th Amendment.
Section 4.3
  • Added discussion of civil forfeiture and laws to eliminate it.
  • Expanded and updated discussion of capital punishment and debates regarding methods; updated figure regarding rate of executions by nation.
Section 5.2
  • Expanded coverage of segregation after Brown v. Board of Education, including redlining and Northern educational segregation.
  • Expanded and clarified position and approach of Malcolm X
  • Added mentions of the responses of persons of African descent to slavery including the Slave Revolt of 1811 in Louisiana.
  • Added Louisiana specific examples of Plessy vs. Ferguson, the integration of Orleans Parish schools at William Franz Elementary School, The Baton Rouge Bus Boycott, the CORE sit-ins in New Orleans, and the Deacons of Defense in Bogalusa, Louisiana.
Section 5.3
  • Added example of Anita Hill speaking out against workplace sexual harassment.
  • Added the founding of the Me Too movement.
Section 5.4
  • Updated recent court decisions, including McGirt v. Oklahoma.
  • Added discussion of Native American gains, including appointment of Secretary Deb Haaland.
Section 5.5
  • Added recent context to discussion of Asian American Civil Rights, including the increase in hate crimes in 2020.
  • Added recent history and current status of transgender people in regard to military service.
  • Added descriptions of the frequency of hate crimes and discrimination directed against Jewish people and Muslim people.
Section 6.2
  • Within Problems in Polling section, expanded and updated coverage and examples, including the MoveOn leading poll regarding Elizabeth Warren and Hillary Clinton.
  • Note that OpenStax Tutor for this section includes a number of questions related to polling problems, leading questions, and so on.
Section 6.3
  • Revised discussion and illustration regarding demographic voting patterns to reflect 2020 presidential election.
  • Updated information on political viewpoints and party affiliation to reflect 2019 and 2020 data, respectively.
  • Updates to social and political issue polling data to reflect mostly 2020 and 2021 data, including polling on marriage equality, budget deficits, COVID-19 responses, gun rights, and so on.
    • Includes revision of graphs on public opinion regarding same-sex marriage and immigration.
  • Updated congressional approval rating graph and discussion.
Chapter 7 Intro
  • Replaced introductory narrative with discussion of Pete Buttigieg.
Section 7.1
  • Added information about recent voting restriction laws being passed after Supreme Court ruling on VRA.
  • Added information regarding felony disenfranchisement.
Section 7.2
  • Clarified voting-eligible population considerations related to mental illness and intellectual disabilities.
  • Added depth to discussion of voting registration outcomes, comparing registered citizens in 2012 to 2020.
  • Updated Figures 7.6, 7.7, and 7.8 on voter turnout and voting rates.
  • Added several examples of voter registration and turnout initiatives.
  • Added recent data regarding turnout outcomes in terms of gender, race, and so on.
Section 7.3
  • Added and updated information about demographics of Congress and other representation.
  • Updated data regarding fundraising and campaign contributions, including illustration of 2021-22 contribution limits.
  • Within electoral college section, described events of January 6, 2021, as they related to certifying the election.
Section 7.4
  • Added discussion of social media in campaigns
  • Added a description of the field in the 2020 election
Section 7.5
  • Updated graphic of voter referendums
  • Updated and replaced data and examples of direct democracy issues and approaches.
Section 8.1
  • Updates to data regarding media channels and networks, including Figure 8.3 on media consolidation.
Section 8.2
  • Minor data updates, as well as an added description of the Twitter and social media company response to President Trump.
Section 8.3
  • Updated coverage of U.S. government actions regarding net neutrality, FOIA, and press relationships with different administrations. (Note that the very first release of the textbook did not have an update regarding the Biden administration, which will be added subsequently.)
Section 9.1
  • Updated data on membership and Figure 9.4 on minor parties
Section 9.4
  • Significant updates and context regarding political polarization, including recent outcomes and impacts.
  • Added material related to activities and perspectives related to social justice efforts.
Section 10.2
  • Added more recent material regarding current events and social justice efforts in response to crimes or oppression, including action resulting from the murder of George Floyd. Additional examples of student activism were also added to the feature at the end of the section.
  • Updated and reframed figure 10.7 on views regarding immigrants, including a more historical presentation of the changes in opinion.
Section 10.3
  • Updated Table 10.1 on the Top 20 lobbying firms, as well as figure 10.12 on business sector political contributions.
  • Added a brief discussion of hashtag activism.
Section 10.4
  • Updated Figure 10.13 on PAC fundraising
  • Added material on model legislation and its impact on laws.
Section 10.5
  • Updated Biden administration and other recent policies and developments on lobbying.
  • Added paragraph regarding lobbying by foreign entities, including mention of the need to register as a foreign agent.
Section 11.1
  • Updated data and figures regarding Congressional representation in Figure 11.3, as well as tax revenue in Figure 11.5.
  • Brief addition regarding executive orders at end of section.
Section 11.2
  • Updated data and figures regarding contribution limits in Figure 11.8, as well as Congressional reelection rates in Figure 11.9
Section 11.3
  • Updated data and figures to reflect recent elections and opinion polling, including Figure 11.13 on diversity in Congressional representation and 11.15 on Congressional job approval.
Section 11.5
  • Added recent examples of usage of filibuster (Ted Cruz regarding ACA) and budget reconciliation (COVID relief package).
Section 12.1
  • Updated information related to the election process, including Figure 12.3 on Electoral College allocations by state.
  • Added more context and recent information regarding presidential impeachment.
Section 12.2-12.4
  • Similar updates to relevant information, and examples of approaches or people related to concept.
  • Section 12.2 discusses the Supreme Court nominations at end of presidential terms.
  • Section 12.4 discusses the vice presidencies of Mike Pence and Kamala Harris
Section 12.5
  • Updated data regarding pardons and executive orders by presidents, including revising figure on Presidential Executive Actions by Year.
Chapter 13
  • Throughout the chapter, updates to makeup of courts.
  • 13.1: At end of section, added reference to Bucklew v. Precythe (2019) case regarding death penalty.
  • 13.2: Updated information on marijuana legalization, including update to national map regarding legalization status.
  • 13.3-13.4: Updates to makeup of Supreme Court and demographic information on makeup of other courts.
Section 13.2
  • Added clarification on which states have intermediate court of appeals and which follow the three-tier court system.
Section 13.4
  • Added information on and photograph of Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson’s appointment to the Supreme Court.
Section 13.5
  • Added information on judicial philosophy.
Section 14.1
  • Updates to state funding and revenue data, including revisions of Figures 14.4 on Federal/State/Local Spending and Figure 14.5 on Local Revenue Funding sources.
Section 14.2
  • Updated material on Oregon voting registration initiatives
  • Added brief example of Tulsa incentives to drive relocation to the city.
Section 14.3
  • Added context of gubernatorial actions and public reactions regarding COVID-19, as well as example of 2021 winter storm and power grid outcomes in Texas.
  • Revised figures and discussions of women’s representation in state legislatures as well as party control by state.
Section 14.4
  • Updated graph of term limits by state.
Section 15.1
  • Provided additional context regarding the persistence of large defense bureaucracy and spending after the Cold War through the 2021 pullout of Afghanistan.
Section 15.2
  • Revised Figure 15.8 on Civil Service pay scale
Section 15.3
  • Updated table listing cabinet secretaries
  • Added example of recent government corporation issues with U.S. Postal Service and Louis DeJoy.
Section 15.4
  • Provided different example of whistleblower, regarding the identity of the whistleblower in President Trump’s first impeachment.
Chapter 16 Intro
  • Replaced previous opening narrative with account of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe lawsuits and protests regarding pipeline construction within their sovereign nation.
Section 16.2
  • Added development of rural Internet infrastructure as an example of a distributed project.
Section 16.3
  • Updated information regarding aging population of U.S.
  • Added context regarding U.S. education system goals and outcomes.
Section 16.4
  • Updated Figure 16.3 on publicly held federal debt.
  • Removed feature on preparing to be a policy maker
  • Added example of DARE efficacy
  • Added new figure illustrating four steps of the policy process
Section 16.5
  • Updated figure on federal spending breakdown
  • Updated figure on government funding as percent of total revenue
  • General updates to data on government revenue and spending
Chapter 17
  • General updates to foreign policy decisions, events, and approaches, including the status of the Paris Climate agreement, the U.S. relationships with Russia and China, and so on.
Section 17.1
  • Added information about the re-emergence of Great Power Politics.
Section 17.4
  • Added information on Realist and Liberal traditions and the view of anarchic systems.
  • Added information on competing international institutions.



Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Introduction to American Government Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book