18 Capítulo 2: Sección 6: Número de teléfonos y precios

Section Goal

In this section, students will learn the numbers in Spanish up to 100.

phone keypad
Telephone” by PublicDomainPictures is under a Pixabay content license

You have already seen numbers one to ten:

  • 1 – uno
  • 2 – dos
  • 3 – tres
  • 4 – cuatro
  • 5 – cinco
  • 6 – seis
  • 7 – siete
  • 8 – ocho
  • 9 – nueve
  • 10 – diez

Eleven through fifteen are tricky—spend extra time on them.

  • 11 – once
  • 12 – doce
  • 13 – trece
  • 14 – catorce
  • 15 – quince

With sixteen, we start to see the pattern of adding “ten and six,” “ten and seven,” etc.

  • 16 – dieciséis
    • When a single-digit, one-through-nine number (2, 3, 6) is attached to another, it takes an accent
  • 17 – diecisiete
  • 18 – dieciocho
  • 19 – diecinueve

For the twenties, the -e in veinte changes to an -i when connecting a 1–9 number. This mimics the “and” sound: “y.”

  • 20 – veinte
  • 21 – veintiuno
    • When a masculine noun immediately follows “uno,” the -o drops and the -u takes an accent
      • Tengo veintiún años
  • 22 – veintidós
  • 23 – veintitrés
  • 24 – veinticuatro
  • 25 – veinticinco
  • 26 – veintiséis
  • 27 – veintisiete
  • 28 – veintiocho
  • 29 – veintinueve

Once we get to treinta, things get much easier: thirty and one, thirty and two…thirty and six…etc.

  • 30 – treinta
  • 31 – treinta y uno
  • 32 – treinta y dos
  • 33 – treinta y tres
  • 34 – treinta y cuatro
  • 35 – treinta y cinco
  • 36 – treinta y seis
  • 37 – treinta y siete
  • 38 – treinta y ocho
  • 39 – treinta y nueve

That pattern seen in the thirties continues for the numbers in the forties, fifties, sixties, seventies, eighties, and nineties:

  • 40 – cuarenta
  • 50 – cincuenta
  • 60 – sesenta
  • 70 – setenta
  • 80 – ochenta
  • 90 – noventa

For one hundred:

  • 100 – cien
    • This is for 100 “on the dot” only. We will see larger numbers later. For numbers after 100, “hundred” is ciento.

Note that all numbers ending with -uno will change to -una when used with a feminine noun and to -un when used with a masculine noun

Actividad 20. Los números de teléfono

Instructions: The ways people will say their phone numbers vary throughout the Spanish-speaking world, but a common way is to state the first number as a single digit and then state three double-digit numbers for the rest.

5-33-89-79.

  • Cinco, treinta y tres, ochenta y nueve, setenta y nueve.

Step one: Write the phone numbers of the following people or places following the model. You can be creative.

Modelo: Emergencias 911: El teléfono de emergencias es el nueve, once.

  1. Museo Estatal de Louisiana 1-800-568-6968
  2. La Casa Blanca 202-456-1111
  3. Gobierno Estatal de Louisiana 844-860-1413.
  4. Departamento de Educación 1-877-453-2721
  5. Teléfono personal
  6. Mi contacto de emergencia

Step two: Next, ask for the phone numbers of two potential study buddies using the question: ¿Cuál es tu teléfono?

Actividad 21. Las sumas

An Ohio Lottery Scratch Off
OH Halloween Lottery 2008” by Dex is licensed under CC BY NC.

Instructions: Addition and subtraction: the secret phrase. Solve the addition and subtraction problems below, then use the key to solve the secret phrase!

Modelo: Treinta más treinta son sesenta.

  1. Tres más catorce son   
  2. Once menos uno son
  3. Trece más cuatro son
  4. Ochenta más diez son 
  5. Treinta menos dos son 
  6. Noventa menos diecisiete son  
  7. Veinte más veintitrés son 
  8. Cincuenta menos treinta y uno son 
  9. Doce más tres son 

Clave: key

  • Setenta y tres = A
  • Diez = L
  • Veintiocho = R
  • Noventa = G
  • Diecisiete = O
  • Quince = E
  • Diecinueve = T
  • Cuarenta y tres = S

La frase secreta es: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Actividad 22. De compras

 Instructions: You just won a $100-dollar gift card! Use the information below to determine the price of each item. 

Tengo / I have Compro / I buy El precio / The price
$100 gift card
flannel shirt
Men’s Shirt” by Greggman is licensed under CC BY 2.0.
Sixty Dollars
Purse with Money” by 401(K) 2012 is licensed under CC BY SA 2.0.
belt
Belt” by Arshaan Ali is in under a Pixabay content license
A bunch of folded dollar bills
Crumpled Money” by SuperStrikerTwo is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.
Pair of socks
Pair of Socks with Stripes for Wear” by Ryutaro Tsukata is under a Pexels content license

  Me quedan dos dólares. You have $2 remaining

  1. La camisa cuesta (costs) ____________ dólares (dollars).
  2. El cinturón cuesta ______________ dólares.      
  3. Los calcetines cuestan ______________ dólares.    

Actividad 23. Preguntas personales

Instructions: Answer the following questions as completely as possible—be sure to write out the numbers. If you do not have something, put “no” in front of the verb.

Modelo: ¿Cuántas mascotas tienes? No tengo mascotas.

  1.  ¿Cuántas clases tienes? Tengo
  2.  ¿Cuántas horas trabajas? Trabajo
  3. ¿Cuántos créditos tienes? Tengo
  4. ¿Cuántos primos (cousins) tienes? Tengo
  5. ¿Cuántos hermanos tienes? Tengo
  6.  ¿Cuántas mascotas (pets) tienes? Tengo
A black cat
Maine Coon Cat” by Claudia Wollesen is under a Pixabay content license

Media Attributions

  • image25-5

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Libro Libre: An Introduction to Spanish I and II Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book