15 Capítulo 2: Sección 3: Adjetivos descriptivos

Section Goal

In this section, students will learn how to describe themselves and others using adjectives.

Vocabulario

Colores, algunos adjetivos

aburrido (bored/boring) amable (nice) conservador (conservative) flaco (thin) importante (important) moreno (dark complexion, hair & eyes) pelirroja (red hair) rubio (blonde)
activo (active) atractivo (attractive) difícil (difficult) gordo (fat) introvertido (introverted) negro (black) pequeño (small/little) sociable (sociable)
alegre (joyful) bajo (short in stature) egoísta (selfish) grande (big) inteligente (intelligent) optimista/pesimista (optimistic/pessimistic) perezoso (lazy) trabajador(a/es/as) (hard-working)
alto (tall) calvo (bald) fácil (easy) idealista/realista (idealistic/realistic) interesante (interesting) paciente/impaciente (patient/impatient) rico (rich) tranquilo (laid-back/“chill”/tranquil)

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Three Black women
“Friendship Day” by TréVoy Kelly is licensed under a Pixabay content license

Grammar

The verb ser is used to describe people and things. Recall the conjugation of the verb ser in the present tense. It is an irregular verb. Here are some examples of how to use it in context.

  • Example: Mi madre es alta.  Mis hermanos son morenos. Yo soy morena.

As you previously learned, adjectives are used to describe nouns. Nouns have grammatical gender and a number. Therefore, the adjective needs to agree with the gender and the number of the noun that it is describing.

Gender in Adjectives

Adjectives also have a gender. If you are describing a masculine noun, the adjective takes its masculine form. On the other hand, if you are describing a feminine noun, the adjective takes its feminine form.

Masculine Adjectives

O is the most common ending for an adjective that describes a masculine noun

  • El libro es pequeño.

The adjective pequeño is describing libro, which is a masculine noun. Therefore, pequeño is in its masculine form, ending in -o.

Feminine Adjectives

A is the most common ending for an adjective that describes a feminine noun.

  • La mesa es pequeña.

The adjective pequeña is describing mesa, which is a feminine noun. Therefore, pequeña is in its feminine form, ending in -a.

There are some exceptions to these rules:

For example, the adjectives “optimista” and “pesimista”, are neutral adjectives, although ending with an -a describe both masculine and feminine nouns.

  • El profesor es optimista.
  • La profesora es optimista.

Other neutral adjectives are the ones that end with an -e or in a consonant. They can be used to describe either masculine or feminine nouns.

  • El profesor es inteligente y leal.
  • La profesora es inteligente y leal.

The adjective inteligente, which ends with an -e, can be used to describe either a masculine or feminine noun.

The adjective leal, which ends with an -l, can be used to describe either a masculine or feminine noun.

For an inclusive language, use the ending -e for nonbinary.

Actividad 9. ¡A escribir!

Instructions: Use the verb ser and adjectives to describe one family member, one friend, and yourself. Watch the video below to hear example descriptions.

Modelo: Mi amiga es alta.

  1. Un familiar:
  2. Un(a) amig@:
  3. Yo:

Actividad 10. Mi persona favorita

Instructions: Step one: In this activity, you will describe a person who is special to you. Use the idea map or the chart below to guide you in the process. Challenge yourself to write additional information in the free space. Share with a partner, using Spanish to describe this person.


Mi Persona Favorita Idea Map

Mi persona favorita:

 Noun

Adjective 1

Adjective 2

Adjective 3

Hair

Hair color

Hair length

 

Complexion

Skin

Body build

Height

Personality

Positive

Negative

 

General impression

 

 

 

Step two: Use your idea map from step one to write a paragraph (five sentences minimum) about this person who you know well. Keep it simple and focus on using the Spanish we are currently learning.


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Libro Libre: An Introduction to Spanish I and II Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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