Diseases and Disorders

Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts

amenorrhea: lack of menstrual flow

amnionitis: inflammation of the amnion

chorioamnionitis: inflammation of the chorion and amnion

choriocarcinoma: a malignant cancer of the chorion

dystocia: excessive pain or discomfort during labor

hysterorrhexis: rupture of the uterus

microcephalus: an infant born with a smaller head circumference than normal

oligohydramnios: a smaller amount of amniotic fluid than normal

omphalitis: inflammation of the umbilical cord stump of the newborn

omphalocele: a congenital anomaly; herniation of the area around the umbilicus of the newborn

polyhydramnios: a greater amount of amniotic fluid than normal

pseudocyesis: false pregnancy

pyloric stenosis: a pyloric sphincter that is smaller than normal in the newborn; can cause projectile vomiting

tracheoesophageal fistula: a condition where the trachea and esophagus are joined together in the newborn

Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts

abruptio placentae: occurs when the placenta prematurely becomes detached from the uterine wall; this is a medical emergency and requires an immediate C-section

cephalopelvic disproportion: a condition where the infant’s head is larger than the pelvic outlet and therefore will require a C-section

cleft lip / cleft palate: a congenital anomaly; an opening or fissure in the lip, hard palate, and/or soft palate

congenital anomaly: a defect present at birth

eclampsia: a very serious condition in pregnancy with hypertension; patients are at high risk of coma, convulsions, and even death

ectopic pregnancy: the embryo implants and starts developing in any other place but the inner uterine lining

erythroblastosis fetalis / hemolytic disease of the newborn: a condition where an Rh- gestational parent makes antibodies against an Rh+ fetus, leading to the destruction of the fetus’s red blood cells and possible miscarriage, stillbirth, or severe anemia

fetal alcohol syndrome: a condition caused by the gestational parent drinking too much alcohol during pregnancy; leads to characteristic facial features and often developmental disabilities and personality changes as well

gastroschisis: a congenital anomaly in which the infant’s intestines extend outside of the abdomen through a hole next to the umbilicus

gestational diabetes: the condition of developing diabetes during pregnancy; the newborn tends to be large at delivery, and the gestational parent is monitored closely for weight gain and glucose testing

gestational hypertension: a condition where there is an increase in blood pressure during pregnancy; blood pressure is monitored closely during pregnancy for the safety of the gestational parent and infant

hyperemesis gravidarum: excessive vomiting during pregnancy

meconium aspiration: when the fetus inhales meconium during delivery

placenta previa: when the placenta partially or completely covers the cervical os (opening)

preeclampsia: an abnormal condition in pregnancy where the patient experiences hypertension, edema, and proteinuria

respiratory distress syndrome: a common breathing disorder in premature infants where they are unable to produce enough surfactant in their lungs

spina bifida: a congenital anomaly in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy

stillbirth: when an infant is born dead


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Medical Terminology: An Interactive Approach Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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