Diseases and Disorders

Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts

bradycardia: an abnormally slow heart rate

cardiodynia: pain in the heart

cardiomegaly: enlargement of the heart

cardiomyopathy: disease of the myocardium

cardiovalvulitis: inflammation of the heart valves

endocarditis: inflammation of the endocardium

myocarditis: inflammation of the myocardium

pericarditis: inflammation of the pericardium

tachycardia: an abnormally fast heart rate

Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts

acute coronary syndrome: sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart, caused by angina or a myocardial infarction

angina pectoris: chest pain

arrhythmia: absence of a regular heart rhythm

atrial fibrillation: arrhythmia originating in the conductive cells of the atrium

bruit: abnormal blowing, swishing heart sound heard on auscultation

cardiac arrest: sudden cessation of cardiac output

cardiac tamponade: the pericardial sac surrounding the heart has filled with blood or other fluid and the resulting pressure is preventing the heart from beating effectively

congenital heart disease: an inborn heart disease

cor pulmonale: a condition that causes right-sided heart failure, caused by long-term high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries and right ventricle

heart block: an obstruction in the electrical conduction system of the heart, which leads to arrhythmia

heart failure: inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body

heart murmur: an abnormal heart sound

hypertensive heart disease: heart disorder caused by chronic hypertension

mitral valve stenosis: abnormal narrowing of the mitral valve

myocardial infarction: death of myocardial tissue due to ischemia of a coronary artery (“heart attack”)

rheumatic heart disease: autoimmune damage to the endocardium and heart valves caused by a streptococcal infection

Tetralogy of Fallot: a congenital heart disease with four distinct areas of heart malformation


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Medical Terminology: An Interactive Approach Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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