Medical Careers & Professional Terminology
endocrinology: a specialization in the field of medicine that focuses on the treatment of endocrine system disorders.
endocrinologist: medical doctors who specialize in this field are experts in treating diseases associated with hormonal systems, ranging from thyroid disease to diabetes.
endocrine surgeons: treat endocrine disease through the removal of the affected endocrine gland or tissue.
Some patients experience health problems as a result of the normal decline in hormones that can accompany aging. These patients can consult with an endocrinologist to weigh the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy intended to boost their natural levels of reproductive hormones. In addition to treating patients, endocrinologists may be involved in research to improve the understanding of endocrine system disorders and develop new treatments for these diseases (Betts, et al., 2013).
thyroid specialist: an endocrinologist whose subspecialty is focused on the treatment and disorders of the thyroid gland such as hypothyroidism (too low secretion) and hyperthyroidism (too high secretion).
diabetes specialist: an endocrinologist whose subspecialty is focused on the treatment of diabetic conditions.
Imaging Techniques/Procedures for the Organ System
thyroid scan: This procedure is designed to check the status of the thyroid. In a thyroid scan, a radioactive compound is given and localized in the thyroid gland (Giorgi & Cherney, 2018).
radioactive iodine uptake: Thyroid function evaluated by injecting radioactive iodine and then measuring how much is removed from the blood by the thyroid (MedlinePlus, 2020).
blood serum testing: Blood testing to determine the concentration and the presence of various endocrine hormones in the blood. These tests include the following levels: calcium, cortisol, electrolytes, FSH, GH, glucose, insulin, parathyroid hormones, T3, T4, testosterone, and TSH. All of these can be evaluated with blood serum tests (Betts, et al., 2013).
Surgical Techniques/Procedures Used in the Organ System
Most of the surgeries and procedures performed on the endocrine system involve removal of a gland or an incision into the gland. Once an endocrine gland is surgically removed, due to a tumor or enlargement, hormone replacement treatment is required. Medication is required to artificially or synthetically replace the hormone produced by the gland and the function it regulates (Betts, et al., 2013).
Abbreviations Commonly Used with the Organ System
ACTH: adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH: antidiuretic hormone
DI: diabetes insipidus
DKA: diabetic ketoacidosis
DM: diabetes mellitus
FBS: fasting blood sugar
FNA: fine needle aspiration
FSH: follicle-stimulating hormone
GH: growth hormone
HbA1C: glycosylated hemoglobin
LH: luteinizing hormone
RAIU: radioactive iodine uptake
TSH: thyroid-stimulating hormone
Thyroid profile: T4, T3, and TSH
T4: thyroxine level
T3: triiodothyronine level
TSH: thyroid-stimulating hormone
Medical Terms Practice
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