Diseases and Disorders

Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts

albuminuria: condition of albumin in the urine

anuria: condition of producing no urine

azotemia: condition of urea in the blood

cystitis: inflammation of the bladder

cystocele: a dropped or prolapsed bladder that bulges into the vaginal space

cystolith: stone in the bladder

diabetic nephropathy: kidney disease caused by complications of diabetes mellitus

diuresis: excessive urination

dysuria: condition of painful urination

glomerulonephritis: inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney

glycosuria: condition of glucose in the urine

hematuria: condition of blood in the urine

hydronephrosis: dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces due to buildup of urine; caused by an obstruction to urine flow downstream

nephritis: inflammation of a kidney

nephrohypertrophy: excessive growth of a kidney

nephrolithiasis: condition of stone formation in the kidney

nephroma: tumor of the kidney

nephromegaly: enlarged kidney

nephroptosis: dropping or sagging kidney

nocturia: condition of nighttime urination; feeling the urge to wake during the night in order to urinate

oliguria: condition of scanty or deficient urine production

polyuria: condition of excessive urine production

pyelitis: inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis: inflammation of the renal pelvis and the rest of the kidney

pyuria: condition of pus in the urine

ureteritis: inflammation of a ureter

ureterocele: a birth defect that causes a ballooning of the end of the ureter inside the bladder

ureterolithiasis: condition of stones in a ureter

ureterostenosis: narrowing of a ureter

urethrocystitis: inflammation of the urethra and bladder

uremia: condition of urea in the blood

Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts

acute kidney injury: a sudden decrease in kidney function that develops within a week

chronic kidney disease: a loss of kidney function over a long period of time

distension: swelling of an organ

end-stage renal disease: a complete loss of kidney function as a result of chronic kidney disease; patient subsequently requires hemodialysis

enuresis: bed-wetting

epispadias: a condition in which the urethral opening is located on the upper side of the penis

hypospadias: a condition in which the urethral opening is located on the underside of the penis

incontinence: inability to control urination

micturate: to urinate

overactive bladder: a group of symptoms that can include the urge to urinate more frequently, greater urgency to urinate, urinary incontinence, and nocturia

polycystic kidney disease: a genetic disorder that causes fluid-filled cysts to develop within the kidneys, leading to a gradual loss of kidney function and hypertension

renal calculus: an individual stone in the urinary tract

renal cell carcinoma: malignant tumor of the kidney

renal hypertension: hypertension caused by a narrowing in the arteries that deliver blood to the kidney

stricture: a narrowing of a tube or opening, such as the urethra

urinary retention: inability to void urine

urinary suppression: inability to produce urine

urinary tract infection: an infection anywhere in the urinary tract


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Medical Terminology: An Interactive Approach Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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