Diseases and Disorders

Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts

lymphadenitis: inflammation of lymph nodes

lymphadenopathy: disease of lymph nodes

lymphoma: a form of cancer in which masses of malignant T and/or B lymphocytes collect in lymph nodes, the spleen, the liver, and other tissues

splenomegaly: enlargement of spleen

thymoma: tumor of the thymus

Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a drop in T-cell numbers due to infection with the HIV virus

allergy: inflammatory response due to a hypersensitivity to a substance

anaphylactic shock: an inhaled, ingested, or injected allergen causes a significant drop in blood pressure along with contractions of smooth muscles of the airways; can be fatal within minutes

autoimmune disease: disease in which the immune system begins to attack cells of the patient’s own body, causing chronic inflammation and significant damage

Hodgkin disease: a type of lymphoma in which cancer originates from lymphocytes

infectious mononucleosis: a disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, characterized by swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and extreme fatigue

severe combined immunodeficiency disease: genetic disease that leads to decreases in both T-cell and B-cell numbers

systemic lupus erythematosus: an autoimmune disease in which the immune system recognizes its own cell antigens as being “non-self” and mounts an immune response against them; as a result, many body tissues and vital organs become chronically inflamed and damaged


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Medical Terminology: An Interactive Approach Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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