Diseases and Disorders

Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts

amenorrhea: absence of periods

Bartholin adenitis: inflammation of a Bartholin gland

cervicitis: irritation or infection of the cervix

colpitis: inflammation of the vagina

dysmenorrhea: painful periods

dyspareunia: painful intercourse

endocervicitis: inflammation of the cervical lining

endometriosis: a condition resulting from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the uterus and causing pelvic pain

endometritis: inflammation of the uterine lining

hematosalpinx: blood in a fallopian tube

hydrosalpinx: fluid trapped within a swollen fallopian tube

hysteratresia: closure of the uterus

mastitis: inflammation of a breast or breast tissue

menometrorrhagia: heavy flow of blood, both during menstruation and between menstrual periods

menorrhagia: heavy flow of blood during menstruation

metrorrhagia: heavy flow of blood between menstrual periods

myometritis: inflammation of the myometrium

oligomenorrhea: infrequent or irregular periods

oophoritis: inflammation of one or both ovaries

perimetritis: inflammation of the perimetrium

polymenorrhea: excessive bleeding during one’s period

pyosalpinx: pus in a fallopian tube

salpingitis: inflammation of one or both fallopian tubes

vaginitis: inflammation of the vagina

vulvovaginitis: inflammation of the vulva and vagina

Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts

acanthosis nigricans: a disorder that causes darkening and thickening of the skin on the neck, groin, underarms, or skin folds

adenomyosis: growth of endometrial tissue into the myometrium

breast cancer: a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control

cervical cancer: a disease in which cells in the cervix grow out of control

ectopic pregnancy: a pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside of the uterus

fibrocystic breast disease: benign cysts that grow within breast tissue; can grow and shrink with different phases of the menstrual cycle

fibroid tumor: benign tumor of uterine muscle

fistula: abnormal passageway between two organs or an internal organ and the body surface

ovarian cancer: a disease in which cells in the ovary grow out of control

pelvic inflammatory disease: inflammation of the female reproductive tract usually caused by untreated gonorrhea or chlamydia; major cause of infertility and ectopic pregnancy

polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): a hormonal disorder in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens

prolapsed uterus: displacement of the uterus from its normal position

toxic shock syndrome: infection by certain Staphylococcus aureus strains in the vagina; can lead to sepsis and septic shock


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Medical Terminology: An Interactive Approach Copyright © 2022 by LOUIS: The Louisiana Library Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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